Wednesday, March 30, 2016

Resurrecting the right perspective

Jamaica Observer column for MON 28 March 2016
 by Jean Lowrie-Chin

This Easter Monday, we are called to think very carefully about our own path to “resurrection”, as we note the continuing unrest in certain inner city and rural areas in our country. It is puzzling that a country as small as Jamaica cannot get a handle on crime even with the unstinting support of many international agencies.  It will therefore fall to the media, and the National Integrity Alliance to turn up the searchlights. 

It is not fair for some so-called leaders to consort with negative elements and then expect the police force to clean up after them.  We have heard past stories of policemen being threatened if they do not cooperate – we hope the media will be able to ferret out any such actions before they become dangerous.

Social media posts indicate that some politicians feel that achievements during their term of office belong to party and not to country, despite the oath taken to serve, “so help me God”. This proprietary approach to our national assets by successive administrations breeds bitterness and disunity.  They forget that they are paid by hard-working taxpayers and that programmes and projects are implemented by a public service manned by over 100,000 Jamaicans. 

As I wrote in this column some years ago, “politicians are no Santa Claus” – they use our money, as well as borrowed funds which become the people’s debt.  They campaign hard to win our employment, with our expectation that they will work diligently and honestly to keep our country safe and viable.  As we observe our many social, economic and environmental shortcomings, it is clear that neither of the two major political parties have done enough towards these important objectives.

It is our hope that as they contemplate the true message of Easter, they will ‘resurrect’ their higher calling to service, and act accordingly.

Sterling work of EOJ and ECJ

Jamaica is blessed with a dedicated, hardworking Electoral Office (EOJ) and Electoral Commission (ECJ). They put in long days, even nights, towards delivering free and fair elections.  Indeed, for over 30 years, representatives of the EOJ and ECJ (formerly EAC) are called upon by countries worldwide to assist in the running of their elections.

We were surprised therefore, to see recent criticisms of the performance of the Electoral Office of Jamaica and the Electoral Commission of Jamaica over the conduct of the recent General Elections.  A release alleged that there was not enough pre-election information and that there were delays and ‘high-handed’ utterances. I find this puzzling as, despite the limited time between the announcement and the date of the General Election, there was a steady stream of information on all media, traditional and social regarding voter identification, location of polling stations and voter instruction.  The Director of Elections made himself available for myriad interviews and, with the ECJ held press briefings.  How do I know this?  Our company has had the privilege of working along with both organisations for the past 20 years, and I am willing to share the schedule of the various advertisements and press activities with the critics.

The release also referred to low voter turnout, a concern for every well-thinking Jamaican. Once again, this column is appealing to Citizens Action for Free and Fair Elections (CAFFE), to step up their activities by creating a website where we can see more objective information on the candidates who offer themselves to serve in public office.  This will assist the many disillusioned electors in finding candidates worthy of their attention, and may also encourage more sterling Jamaicans to enter politics.   

Food for the Poor Easter Prison Release

Last week, Food for the Poor paid fines for the release of 256 non-violent inmates of prisons in Guyana, Haiti, Honduras and Jamaica.  In observation of the Year of Mercy, this was the largest number for a single prison release which Food for the Poor organises every Easter and Christmas.  Food for the Poor President/CEO Robin Mahfood has pointed to the dangerous environment created by overcrowding in many prisons in the region. He noted that the recent fires at the Camp Street Prison in Georgetown Guyana, in which 17 inmates perished, had been set by prisoners protesting the crowded and unsanitary conditions.

"I understand if a person commits a crime they must face the consequences of their actions,” noted Robin Mahfood, “but the majority of these first-time offenders are being locked up with hard-core criminals for weeks, months and even years at a time because they cannot afford to pay the minimal fines for their freedom.”

Cuba opens up

Well do we recall our visit to Cuba about 20 years ago, when we followed our travel agent’s instructions to say to the immigration officer, “Please don’t stamp my passport”. Such a stamp would have been frowned upon by US immigration. Now, the United States has re-opened its embassy in Cuba after fifty years, and President Obama and his family were welcomed by President Raul Castro and his people last week.  On Friday, the iconic Rolling Stones rock band performed in a free concert for the Cuban people, in celebration of this new era. 

There is no need to be nervous, Jamaica.  Instead, let us sharpen up on our Spanish and get ready to create a stronger alliance with a country which has reached out to us, especially in support of our health system.  We should also be practising our French to partner with Haiti, offering tourists a multi-lingual Jamaica-Cuba-Haiti trifecta!

PEPA 28 Years Strong
We headed to Portland last Sunday for the celebration of the 28th Anniversary of the Portland Environmental Protection Association (PEPA).  The evergreen media maven Marguerite Gauron organised an afternoon of great food and entertainment.  We enjoyed the graceful dances – tango, waltz and Charleston with Marguerite doing some daring dips and as well as the lively local band.  Artist Phillip Ambokele Henry was the engaging emcee and the silent auction had many takers for his excellent drawing and paintings by his talented wife Marcia.

Monday, March 21, 2016

Challenging times for Jamaica’s women leaders

Jamaica Observer column published 14 March 2016 by Jean Lowrie-Chin

PM Andrew Holness and his wife MP Juliet Holness arrive at Gordon House - Observer photo by Byan Cummings

The women of Jamaica stood strong last week, as our largest numbers to date were sworn in as members of the Cabinet and the two houses of Parliament were sworn in, and there were several International Women’s Day celebrations.  The greeting exchanged by Leader of the Opposition Portia Simpson Miller and Prime Minister Andrew Holness set a great tone.  I am appalled by the disrespectful comments that have been posted on social media about our former Prime Minister – let us show respect, and thank Mrs Simpson Miller for stepping up to serve.  Politics is a tough career, especially for women.
Prosperity is the current buzzword, but when our shop was asked to come up with a slogan for the Productivity Council, we suggested “Productivity for Prosperity”.  Our women have helped their families to prosperity, as they understand that only hard work can take you there: they have used their sweat and ingenuity to stretch every dollar to its furthest limit.  Hopefully, they will be allowed to help our new government to do the same.
Mrs Rose Leon - First Chairman of the JLP, served in Cabinets of both the JLP and PNP
It was fortuitous that Professor Verene Shepherd had been confirmed many weeks before the General Election was called, to be the Guest Speaker at the annual Rose Leon Memorial Lecture last Monday evening. And so, we were able to remember the brave Rose Leon, who was a founding member of the Jamaica Labour Party in 1944 and was elected its first Chairman in 1948. She was appointed as Minister of Health and Housing in 1953, and worked ardently to combat the regional poliomyelitis epidemic. After her departure from the JLP in 1960, she was invited by PNP Leader Norman Manley to join his party in 1967, and having successfully campaigned in Local Government and later General Elections, was appointed to the Cabinet of the PNP Government in 1972, as Minister of Local Government.
Professor Verene Shepherd
Professor Verene Shepherd, UWI Director of the Institute for Gender & Development Studies and Professor of Social History at the Mona Campus, and recently appointed United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), made a special call to our newly elected and appointed women leaders, as she reminded her audience of the unspeakable horrors of the slave trade. She reminded her audience of a bi-partisan supported motion by Minister Mike Henry to claim reparation last year but commented, “Indeed, the bi-partisan decision in Parliament is perhaps one of the best kept secrets in Jamaica. It has created no buzz whatsoever in the media or among civil society and apart from Mike Henry, hardly any politician is talking about it.” 

Prof Shepherd said that Caricom member states should be educating their people about the 2013 “Ten Point Action Plan for Reparatory Justice”.  “But there is another reason why I am calling on women in Parliament to use their position and influence to lead this charge for reparatory justice,” she noted. “The reason is that the burden of enslavement fell on the backs of our female ancestors and we have a moral obligation to seek for the appeasement of their torture and the redemption of their souls. If you are in any doubt, just consult the works of Lucille Mathurin Mair, Linnette Vassell, Hilary Beckles, Barry Higman, Douglas Hall, Barbara Bush and others …. All show that field and domestic work fell disproportionately on the backs of women whether they were on sugar plantations or some other type of property. They were the majority in all field gangs and the brutality of their punishment would make you weep… Women, the backbone of the labour force were worked to death, whipped, raped, suffered the pain of seeing their children taken away from them, were hardly allowed the luxury of a family life, were imprisoned, placed in the stocks, hanged and subjected to any kind of pain of which your mind can conceive.” 

Prof Shepherd went to great lengths, calculating the amounts that would be allocated to the parishes in which the constituencies of our women representatives are located, and this came to a sum of £4,042,739 - which would be £3,210,000,000.00 or USD$4,568,953,500.00 using 2014 conversion rates.  That’s great seed money for prosperity! She reminded her audience that “46,000 British enslavers were awarded £20 million pounds by the British State as compensation for the loss of “property”, a figure representing a staggering 40 per cent of the British Treasury's annual spending budget and, in today's terms, calculated as wage values, equates to around £16.5 billion or US$23 billion.”

As I read Prof Shepherd’s speech, I remembered an interview I did with Madame Rose Leon, when she described her walks through Kingston, her queries about large unused spaces and being told that they belonged to “Missis Queen”.  She said she demanded that these lands be used to house her fellow Jamaicans and was able to create new, thriving communities. 
This is the trailblazing spirit which we are looking for in our promising women leaders. Prof. Shepherd has drawn up a proposed “Women’s Manifesto for Reparatory Justice for Historical Injustices”, which I am sure she would be happy to share with our representatives. 

Friday, March 11, 2016

Caribbean Women condemn assassination of Berta Caceres

Caribbean Regional Network of Women and Women's Organizations
c/o Women's Resource and Outreach Centre
47 Beechwood Ave , Kingston 10.

Email: or

MARCH 10, 2016

TO: Jorge Alberto Milla Reyes, Embajada de Honduras, 1014 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001; 

Ambassador James D. Nealon, Embajada de USA, América Avenida La Paz, Tegucigalpa M.D.C., Honduras

Honduras Embassy in Mexico,  Calle Alfonso Reyes #220, Cuauhtémoc, Condesa, 06170 Ciudad de México, D.F., México, T: 52 55 5211 52

Honduras Embassy in Canada,
151 Slater Street, Suite 805-A,
Ottawa ON KIP 5H3,

We, the undersigned women and representatives of Women's organizations and civil society organizations across the Caribbean and its diaspora condemn the assassination of Berta Caceres. Berta was a courageous woman whose actions were inspiring to all those committed to social justice worldwide.

We demand that Gustavo Castro, witness to the Caceres murder, be allowed to return home to Mexico in safety immediately. Any further legal procedures that are still needed from him should be carried out in the Mexican embassy in Honduras.

We, along with all justice seeking communities globally, are carefully watching the actions of the authorities in Honduras in regard to this horrific murder.

Monifa Adebola -  Jamaica

Nikki Sewell - 51%Coalition, Jamaica

Linnette Vassell -  Jamaica

Judith Wedderburn – Jamaica

Mariama Williams - Jamaica

Audrey Roberts - Bahamas

Jean Lowrie-Chin – Jamaica

Ayesha Constable - Jamaica

Carol Narcisse – Jamaica Civil Society Coalition

Horace Levy – Jamaica Civil Society Coalition

Jenny Jones – Jamaica Civil Society Coalition

Hilary Nicholson - Jamaica

Adwoa Onuora – Jamaica and Canada

Emma Lewis - Jamaica

Sandra Patterson- Barbados

Mildred Crawford - Jamaica

Joan Grant Cummings – Jamaica and Canada

Vanda Radzik –Guyana Women's Rights

Delores Robinson –Trinidad and Tobago

Vanya David  - Dominica

Eunadie Johnson– Dominica

Nadeen Spence - Jamaica

Latoya West Blackwood - Jamaica

D. Alissa Trotz – Guyana and Canada

Nicole Brown - Jamaica

Rachele E Vernon – UK and Jamaica

Honor Ford-Smith -  Jamaica and Canada

Marion Bethel - Bahamas

Danuta Radzik -Help & Shelter, Guyana

Noelle Nicholls –Bahamas

Alicia Wallace – Bahamas

Diana McCauley – Jamaica

Patricia Philips - Jamaica

sent from the email address of:

Honor Ford-Smith, PhD.
Associate Professor
Community and Environmental Arts
Faculty of Environmental Studies
280, HNES Bldg
York University
4700 Keele St,
Toronto, ON M3J 1P3

Thursday, March 10, 2016

Bright day for democracy

by Jean Lowrie-Chin - Observer column for MON 7 March 2016

As we resume this column after a two-week break, we look back to three weeks ago, when we held our breath to hear whether the PNP would agree to participate in a national debate.  They refused, not understanding that Jamaica had matured beyond the tribal politics of die-hards following party over policy, no matter what.  It mattered.  Why would you employ an applicant who refused to attend a job interview?  The national debate was the job interview Jamaicans wanted so they could see who would deserve to be paid out of their hard-earned taxes.

Jamaica's new Cabinet after the swearing-in at King's House on Monday 7 March 2016
The “articulate minority” demonstrated that they are indeed no minority – it is estimated that over one million Jamaicans are on Facebook, including members of our engaged Diaspora. On Election Day, folks posted photos of their inked fingers on Twitter and Instagram with the hashtag #articulateminority. We had checked the websites of both the PNP and JLP and thought that the PNP’s was more engaging; however, they did not follow through on the social media platforms.  The JLP balanced social and traditional media, with those Observer and Gleaner “wrap-arounds” during election week, a stroke of genius.

We welcomed the new young faces in both political parties, mentored by those elders who wisely affirmed the importance of succession planning.  Juliet Holness proved to be a campaigner in her own right, and ensured that she answered well those allegations about a family member. Andrew Holness also gave a comprehensive account of the financing of their Beverley Hills home. The backlash from both allegations was a significant setback for the PNP campaign. How could they not remember how the “Don’t draw mi tongue” ad hurt the JLP in 2011? People are far more interested in real benefits like the increased tax-threshold of $1.5 million, than personal attacks.
Andrew Holness made none of those mistakes he made leading up to the December 2011 Elections, when he had given his followers expectations of an early December election, and called it between Christmas and New Year.  This time, it was former Prime Minister Portia Simpson Miller who led an un-merry chase for an Election Date.

And so, Jamaica now has a new JLP administration.  We applaud the inaugural address of Prime Minister Andrew Holness, a man who stood stronger than ever at that impressive Half Way Tree Rally just a few days before the general elections. Jamaicans should heed his sober observations at King’s House which should apply to every organisation, every business, every project: “With this mandate, there is no majority for arrogance, no space for selfishness, no place for pettiness, no room for complacency, and no margin for error.”

These are serious words, pointing to the heart of Jamaica’s developmental issues.  Since Independence, we have squandered our precious resources, and driven away valuable but disillusioned citizens.  Both political parties have fomented tribalism to serve their selfish ends, and have killed the dreams of solid citizens, simply because they were not interested in wearing green or orange hearts on their sleeves. 

Let us hope that this leadership will be able to continue and strengthen the national partnership programme, identifying those leaders who have a proven track record of supporting their communities and country, and encouraging our young talent to stay and contribute.
We salute the Electoral Commission and the Electoral Office of Jamaica who worked tirelessly to pull off well-organised Nomination and Election Days, despite the time and budgetary constraints.  Hon Dorothy Pyne-McLarty and Orrette Fisher have once again showed their mettle as strong and impartial leaders of the electoral process. 

Let every candidate, every party worker, every behind-the-scenes organizer be proud of their contribution to our country’s democratic process.  Those massive campaigns, especially the rallies and the on-the-ground organizing required extraordinary planning and energy. 

Let us now transfer that zeal to the running of our beloved Jamaica.  JLP General Secretary Horace Chang is quoted as saying of Prime Minister Holness, “he is committed to a government of performance, transparency and sound principles.”  We are hopeful.

Kudos St. Catherine High

In this Year of Mercy, it is interesting to note that Andrew and Juliet Holness both attended St. Catherine High School, which was founded by the Sisters of Mercy.  The Mercy philosophy influenced the school’s activities, in which young Andrew Holness was deeply involved.  He excelled, becoming valedictorian and headboy, and taught at the school for two years. 
My friend journalist Erica James-King recalls that Andrew Holness and Juliet Llandel were her schoolmates.  The school’s most legendary Principal, the now retired Sister Mary Paschal Figueroa, Grand-Aunt of Dr Peter Figueroa and Professor Mark Figueroa made a strong mark on the governance of St. Catherine High. 

Inductees in the St Catherine High School Hall of Fame in 2013, (from left) then Opposition Leader Andrew Holness; Deacon David Yee-Singh (representing Sister Mary Mercedes Doorly); Troy-Marie McDonald (who received on behalf of Bishop Kenneth Richards); Lascelles Williams; and Wilbert Davis (representing Kenneth Neale), pose with the citations presented at the function during the school’s 65th anniversary banquet.
Erica notes, “The principals who served while Andrew and I were in school were Ms Madge Anderson (now deceased) and Mrs Christabel Fuller. St. Catherine High School presented the best nurturing environment that any adolescent could have asked for or required. It is an ideal place for preparing one for life’s ebbs and flows. Although Sister Mary Paschal (after whom our school’s auditorium is named) was not our principal, we were often regaled with stories about her love for the students and for God.”
The brilliant Sister Mary Paschal RSM

She continues: “Our alma mater’s motto, “Prayer and Work Conquer all” is a mantra for me and I am sure it is still a guiding principle for Andrew Holness and thousands of others who have passed through the doors of that noble institution. Our motto gives us the right perspective on life, reminding us that we will achieve greatness if we maintain the right balance of placing God first and ensuring we are diligent, productive and effective in our labour.”

“Our school song, “Dear St. Catherine High”, also reiterates the guiding principles of the school motto. For example it has a line that says: “Prayer and Work shall ever conquer while to you (our school) and God, we are true.” St. Catherine High made us confident that it was our duty to make a positive change in the life of others, and there is nothing in life that we could not achieve if we pursued that goal prayerfully, honestly and industriously.

“The holistic teaching and guidance St. Catherine High offers has kept engendering social responsibility in its students and graduates. The school impresses on all its students that we are responsible to God, our community and country and we should take that responsibility seriously. Structures are also in place to encourage students to engage in volunteerism and by extension community development. Through core curriculum and extra-curriculum activities, the school also encouraged and still encourages students to be advocates for their rights and the rights of disadvantaged persons. For instance: the Debating Society (of which Andrew and I were a part, though we were not in that club at the same time), Inter-School Christian Fellowship, Key Club, Drama Club, Red Cross, Historical Society, Spanish Club etc. gave students an outlet for expressing themselves and their talents while engaging in community development.”

Congratulations to the Sisters of Mercy and St Catherine High – you can now claim your contribution to the high office of Prime Minister.

Sunday, March 6, 2016

H1N1 Prevention Tips

Passing on this message from a friend...

Dr. Vinay Goyal is an MBBS,DRM,DNB (Intensivist and Thyroid specialist) having clinical experience of over 20 years. He has worked in institutions like Hinduja Hospital, Bombay Hospital, Saifee Hospital, Tata Memorial etc. Presently, he is heading our Nuclear Medicine Department and Thyroid clinic at Riddhivinayak Cardiac and Critical Centre, Malad (W).

The following message given by him, I feel makes a lot of sense and is important for all to know:

The only portals of entry are the nostrils and mouth/throat. In a global epidemic of this nature, it's almost impossible to avoid coming into contact with H1N1 in spite of all precautions. Contact with H1N1 is not so much of a problem as proliferation is.

While you are still healthy and not showing any symptoms of H1N1 infection, in order to prevent proliferation, aggravation of symptoms and development of secondary infections, some very simple steps, not fully highlighted in most official communications, can be practiced (instead of focusing on how to stock N95 or Tamiflu):

1. Frequent hand-washing (well highlighted in all official communications).

2. "Hands-off-the-face" approach. Resist all temptations to touch any part of face (unless you want to eat, bathe or slap).

3. * Gargle twice a day with warm salt water (use Listerine if you don't trust salt)... * H1N1 takes 2-3 days after initial infection in the throat/ nasal cavity to proliferate and show characteristic symptoms. Simple gargling prevents proliferation. In a way, gargling with salt water has the same effect on a healthy individual that Tamiflu has on an infected one. Don't underestimate this simple, inexpensive and powerful preventative method.

4. Similar to 3 above, * clean your nostrils at least once every day with warm salt water. * Not everybody may be good at Jala Neti or Sutra Neti (very good Yoga asanas to clean nasal cavities), but * blowing the nose hard once a day and swabbing both nostrils with cotton buds dipped in warm salt water is very effective in bringing down viral population. *

5. * Boost your natural immunity with foods that are rich in Vitamin C (Amla and other citrus fruits). * If you have to supplement with Vitamin C tablets, make sure that it also has Zinc to boost absorption.

6. * Drink as much of warm liquids (tea, coffee, etc) as you can. * Drinking warm liquids has the same effect as gargling, but in the reverse direction. They wash off proliferating viruses from the throat into the stomach where they cannot survive, proliferate or do any harm.

I suggest you pass this on to your entire e-list. You never know who might pay attention to it - and STAY ALIVE because of it...

Friday, March 4, 2016

18 needy families receive homes in Portland Cottage from Food For The Poor

St. Catherine, Jamaica – March 4, 2016: Eighteen families in Portland Cottage, Clarendon, are now proud homeowners, thanks to a donation of approximately J$11.52 million made by Chris Davitt and Craig Ruppert, along with their friends from the United States, and Food For The Poor (FFP).

Davitt and Ruppert, who have set one of their lives' goals as donating annually to Jamaica, travelled to the island on February 12 with a team of 36. The group, assisted by staff members of Food For The Poor Jamaica, built the houses on February 13 and 14.

David Mair, Executive Director of FFP Jamaica, said he was pleased that these two gentlemen, along with their family and friends - who form the mission group 'Davitt/Ruppert Family and Friends' - had created an annual calendar event to journey to Jamaica and construct houses for the homeless.

"It costs approximately J$640,000 to construct one house. With Mr. Davitt, Mr. Ruppert and their family and friends' initiative of constructing 18 houses, this sums up to approximately J$11.52 million. This is a grand donation!" Mair said in a recent interview.

Mair said the entire group epitomizes what it means to be your brother's keeper.

"These Americans are not only keepers for each other, but they are keepers for people living thousands of miles away from them in the island of Jamaica. Perhaps, if there were more individuals like them, more homeless individuals would be reached and our country would have a much better standard of living," Mair added.

Ruppert said he was always eager to come to Jamaica and build houses for families in need.

"We are always happy to come. I have been coming for about 17 years, and we bring our family and friends. They come. They work hard. They learn from the experience and we go back as better people with life in a better perspective," Ruppert said in an interview during the construction of the houses.

Davitt said that he has great compassion for the needy people living in Jamaica. It is for that reason and more, he keeps coming back to assist.

"We come and have a wonderful time with the people, especially the contractors from Food For The Poor. There are beautiful persons in the country and it makes us feel really great and appreciated each time we reached out to help them," Davitt said.

Davitt, Ruppert and their supporters have partnered with FFP Jamaica to construct five schools, more than 165 houses, a home for the elderly, as well as to equip a community with a sustainable fishing village project and to install two water projects since 2001.

Their efforts have improved the health and living conditions of many throughout Jamaica.  In 2014, the group built a six-unit building for the students and teachers of Lewis Town Basic School in St. Elizabeth and constructed a house for a resident in the area.

The 18 families who received Portland Cottage houses were grateful.

Odette Sawyers, one of the recipients, said, "I am really thankful this evening. I am so happy, I am overwhelmed. I am so happy for that and so happy to receive this special gift. I am honoured and thankful."

Christine Dennis, 75, another housing recipient said, "I am so grateful that you could give me a house. I needed a new house so much. My house is so beautiful.  Thank you for the wonderful gift you have given me."



BREAKING GROUND AT PORTLAND COTTAGE:   Team leader, Chris Davitt (second right) along with other volunteers from the United States, preparing material to construct one of the foundations for 18 houses that were built in Portland Cottage, Clarendon during their mission trip on February 13.

18 HOUSES IN 2 DAYS: Volunteers from the United States and members of Food For The Poor Jamaica gather for a group photograph after completing the construction of 18 houses in two days in Portland Cottage, Clarendon. 

Phoenix Central | 2 Phoenix Avenue | Kingston 10 | Jamaica W.I
Tel: (876) 665 5025 | Cell: (876) 383 2150 | Fax: 926 8676
Twitter: @PROCommJa

...follow through sets us apart

Jean Lowrie-Chin

Tuesday, March 1, 2016

Director of Elections advises Governor-General of Election Results

KINGSTON, Jamaica: The Director of Elections on Tuesday, March 1, communicated with the Office of the Governor-General advising that the Jamaica Labour Party has won majority of the seats in the General Election held on Thursday 25 February,  2016.

In addition, documents from Returning Officers – the B21 form indicating which candidate has won and the Writ of Election for each constituency – have been sent to the Clerk of the Houses of Parliament.


Release from the Electoral Office of Jamaica